Tracking juvenile justice system reform

Charting national change in juvenile justice policy, practices, and statistics to better understand and encourage reform. More about JJGPS »

Jurisdictional boundaries data now available

The first of six areas is now available. Explore jurisdictional boundaries data »

  • Age boundaries screenshot Age boundaries

    The national landscape on the question of where childhood ends and adult criminal responsibility begins.

  • Transfer laws screenshot Transfer laws

    Laws that alter the usual age boundaries for exceptional cases involving juvenile-aged offenders.

  • Policy boundaries screenshot Policy boundaries

    At-a-glance national summaries of the state landscape for age boundaries and transfer exceptions.

  • Transfer trends screenshot Transfer trends

    Which states publish information concerning the number of youth transferred to adult court.

Charting change in the national landscape: an evolving online resource

JJGPS is a project to develop an online repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states. The six main areas of JJGPS will be released as they're developed. More about JJGPS »

  • Jurisdictional boundaries Available

    Has juvenile jurisdiction shrunk or expanded? States must address boundaries of childhood/adolescence and adulthood in the context of addressing criminal behavior.

  • Juvenile defense In development

    How are juveniles defended? The existence of separate juvenile justice frameworks in each state provides an alternative to treating children and youth accused of criminal acts differently than as if they are small adults.

  • Racial/ethnic fairness In development

    How equally are all races and ethnicities treated? Federal oversight aimed at reducing disparities and safeguarding fairness in juvenile justice-involved populations have evolved since the 1980s.

  • Juvenile justice services In development

    How are the states organized to advance more active and results-oriented juvenile justice solutions? There is not one juvenile justice system but 51 different systems with great variation in how delinquency services are provided and evidence based practice advanced.

  • Status offense issues In development

    How to states address the behavior of youth that is illegal by virtue of their status as a minor? Youth who commit status offenses should not be drawn into a system designed to intervene with adolescent criminal behavior.

  • Systems integration In development

    How do juvenile justice systems and child welfare collaborate and integrate resources in the states? Youth who are involved in more than one system require special attention and coordination.

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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